Фильтр

Деревообработка в России: инвестиции, проекты, холдинги

*Аналитика проведена по данным июня 2022

Деревообработка - является частью лесной промышленности, значимой и важной отрасли экономики России.

Деревообработка включает как производство круглого леса, пиломатериалов, так и выпуск продуктов переработки древесины, и изготовление конечных изделий из дерева.

Факторы инвестиционной привлекательности отрасли «Деревообработка»:

  • обеспеченность сырьем, которое является возобновляемым (лес)
  • в ряде производств (например, пиломатериалы) низкие капитальные затраты
  • высокая востребованность продукции на рынке (несмотря на наличие продуктов-аналогов, которые активно продвигаются, продукты из дерева остаются привлекательными для потребителей, это касается и деревянного домостроения, и строительных материалов из дерева и деревянной мебели и дверей)
  • в некоторых подотраслях деревообработки актуальным остается потребность в импортозамещении, в первую очередь это касается переработки древесины в целлюлозу, а также продукция глубокой переработки древесины, в частности важным трендом как в мировой промышленности, так и в российской является получение лизина

По данным Цифровой платформы «Инвестиционные проекты России», в РФ и странах ЕАЭС реализуется
349 проектов, с суммарным объемом инвестиций 2,08 трлн руб.

По тем проектам, что сейчас заявлены на Цифровой платформе «Инвестиционные проекты России» в отрасли деревообработки, динамика инвестиций на данный момент указывает на их увеличение до 2024 года, дойдя до отметки 348,92 млрд руб. В дальнейшем, с добавлением новых проектов в отрасль, график инвестиций на будущие года будет подстраиваться под более актуальные данные.

 

Отрасль Деревообработка включает 4 подотрасли:

  • Целлюлоза, бумага и картон
  • Стройматериалы и изделия
  • Биотопливо
  • Мебель

Подотрасль «Целлюлоза, бумага и картон» лидирует по инвестициям в суммарном объеме вложений в отрасль Деревообработка. В период с 2022 по 2033 гг., подотрасль занимает 60,8% от суммы инвестиций. По общему количеству проектов лидирует подотрасль «Стройматериалы и изделия» – 176, из них на сегодняшний день активных проектов 134. За тот же период с 2022 по 2033 наименьший суммарный объем инвестиций наблюдается в подотрасли «Мебель».

Изучая изменение числа проектов по месяцам за прошедший год отметим:

  • в октябре 2021 года в подотрасли «Целлюлоза, бумага и картон», был зафиксирован наибольший прирост инвестиций в размере 11,2%, по сравнению с предыдущим месяцем. Количество проектов, с учетом вычета неактивных и добавления новых, с Мая по Декабрь 2021 года увеличилось на 8.
  • Ноябрь 2021 года отличился в подотрасли «Стройматериалы и изделия» увеличением инвестиций, прирост составил 7,5%.  
  • В подотрасли «Мебель» лучший показатель прироста инвестиций отмечается в Июне 2021 года, он составил 54%.

Структура отрасли по холдингам и видам собственности

Холдинг - это структура коммерческих организаций, представляющая собой объединение материнской компании и контролируемых ею дочерних фирм. На нашем сайте в структуре инвестиций по холдингам (РФ) в отрасли деревообработки рассматриваются 39 холдингов, из них значимый процент в структуре есть у 14.

Самые крупные по инвестиционной активности в отрасли холдинги:

  • АФК Система – 26% от общей структуры, 19 проектов.
  • Pulp Mill Holding – 11,1% от общей структуры, 11 проектов.
  • Тайга Холдинг – 10,9% от общей структуры, 2 проекта.

Рассматривая 319 проектов отрасли, 62,4% принадлежат российским компаниям (российская собственность). Иностранные компании с иностранной собственностью представляют 27,3% проектов. Из них 31 проект принадлежит компаниям Австрии, размер инвестиций составляет 70,3% от общей суммы инвестиций в структуре иностранной собственности в отрасли деревообработки. На втором месте 3 проекта, которые принадлежат компаниям Турции, размер инвестиций составляет 20,7% от общей суммы.  

В структуре инвестиций в странах ЕАЭС, Беларусь занимает лидирующее место, имея 99,5% инвестиций от всего их объема. Казахстан оставшиеся 0,5%.

Разделение проектов по стадиям

Из динамики проектов в отрасли деревообработки за прошедший год, в эксплуатацию введено больше проектов, чем было приостановлено и отменено в сумме. В Октябре 2021 количество проектов, перешедших на стадию эксплуатации, увеличилось приблизительно в 2 раза, по сравнению с предыдущим месяцем. В Апреле 2022 года показатель проектов, что были отменены увеличился на 7 проектов.

У проектов на стадии проектирования находится 47,4% от общей суммы инвестиций в отрасли. На подготовке к строительству всего 5 проектов, их процент в структуре инвестиций незначительный.  

Региональная структура инвестиций

Промышленные предприятия сферы деревообработки – это различные по своей сложности промышленные комплексы. Расположение объекта зависит от двух важных факторов: близость сырьевой базы и потребительского рынка.

В структуре инвестиций по регионам РФ лидерами по числу проектов и инвестиционной активности в деревообрабатывающей отрасли являются:

  • Красноярский край – 28,9% от всей структуры, 16 проектов.
  • Республика Карелия – 12,9% от всей структуры, 12 проектов.
  • Архангельская область – 9,7% от всей структуры, 18 проектов.
  • Коми – 7,2% от всей структуры, 15 проектов.

Интерактивная карта проектируемых и строящихся производственных комплексов в сфере деревообработки показывает расположение объектов.


(Данные обновляются)
Подотрасли: Целлюлоза, бумага и картон - 434 (······), Стройматериалы и изделия из дерева - 780 (······), Биотопливо - 138 (······), Мебель - 183 (······)
Регионы: Красноярский край - 54 (······), Вологодская область - 75 (······), Карелия - 56 (······), Хабаровский край - 33 (······), Архангельская область - 56 (······), Иркутская область - 50 (······), Коми - 48 (······), Татарстан - 24 (······), Тюменская область - 26 (······) Показать все...
Стадии: Введен в эксплуатацию - 856 (······), Отменен - 267 (······), Приостановлен - 107 (······), Предпроектные проработки - 103 (······), Проектирование - 41 (······), Модернизация - 49 (······), Строительство - 65 (······), Планирование - 30 (······), Подготовка к строительству - 17 (······)
Другие страны: Беларусь - 70 (······), Казахстан - 23 (······), США - 15 (······), Бразилия - 1 (······), Румыния - 2 (······), Болгария - 1 (······), Египет - 1 (······), Канада - 4 (······), Швеция - 6 (······) Показать все...
Период: 2000 - 2035
Холдинги:  229
Проектов по фильтру:  1373 (3,9 трлн руб.)

Новости отрасли
  • 18.09.2023

    Группа Mondi заключила соглашение о продаже своего крупнейшего и последнего актива в России - АО "Монди Сыктывкар", за 80 млрд рублей (около 775 млн евро по текущему курсу). В сообщении группы покупателем Сыктывкарского ЛПК названо ООО "Сезар Инвест", дочерняя компания московской девелоперской компании Sezar Group.

    Комментарий ПКР: АО "Монди Сыктывкар" добавлено в контур холдинга Sezar Group.

  • 23.05.2023
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  • 16.02.2023
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  • 16.02.2023
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  • 12.01.2023
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  • 07.12.2022
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  • 10.10.2022
    ·········· ························································.····································-································ ················ ·· ···················· ············ ·· ·············· ···· ························································.············································-······················ ·················· ············ ·· ·········· ·················· ···················· ···· ···· ········ ········ ·················· ······ ········ ·········· ···· ·········· ············ ···················· ·············· ·············· ······················ ················ ·················· ·· ························ ···· ························································.······························································································ ················ ································ ···························· ········ ···· ························································.············································-······················ ·················· ·············· ·· ·················· ·············· ···························· ······················ ·· ···················· ························ ····················
  • 10.10.2022
    ···················· ······················ ······ ························································.····················································-········································ ······················ ·············· ·························· ·············· ·· ·················· ······ ·············· ···················· ············ ···················· ·········· ········ ·················· ···················· ·········· ·················· ···· ························································.·········································································· ···························· ······················ ·········· ·············· ······················ ······················ ················ ·········· ·················· ·· ······ ···························· ···························· ········ ···· ························································.·········································································· ·············· ·············· ·· ·················· ·············· ······ ·············· ·························· ················ ····························
  • 02.09.2022
    ···················· ················ ···· ························································.············································································ ·············· ···················· ·························· ······················ ·············· ·············· ···················· ············ ···················· ·························· ···················· ········ ···· ························································.······································-··-···························· ·············· ·· ·················· ···················· ············ ·· ········ ···························· ······························ ············ ···· ························································.·········································································· ···················· ·· ············ ················ ···· ························································.······································-··-···························· ·············· ·· ····························
  • 26.07.2022
    ······················ ···· ························································.····································-···················· ················ ···················· ·················· ·············· ················ ···· ···················· ············ ················ ·························· ·· ············ ················ ························ ············ ·············· ·· ···························· ···· ························································.····································-···················· ······ ································ ························ ························ ·· ················ ·············· ············ ······ ···················· ······················ ······ ·········· ············ ············ ·················· ········ ·········· ·············· ······················ ·· ················ ·················· ·················· ································ ···························· ········ ············ ·········· ·············· ···· ························································.····································-···················· ················ ······················ ······ ················ ······ ············ ······················ ············ ·········· ················ ······················ ······················ ·········· ·············· ························
  • 15.07.2022
    ·························· ·························· ················ ···· ························································.······························································ ············ ········ ············ ·· ·············· ········ ···················· ···················· ·· ················ ············ ······················ ·············· ········ ·················· ················ ························ ············ ········ ·········· ···················· ···························· ········ ············ ·········· ·············· ···· ························································.········································································
  • 17.06.2022
    ···················· ············ ················ ···· ························································.····································-······················ ················ ·················· ········ ········ ···· ············ ················ ········ ·············· ·········· ···························· ·················· ················ ························ ·········· ················ ······ ······················ ·············· ········ ······ ·················· ·· ···· ······················ ································ ···························· ········ ·························· ················ ···· ························································.····································-······················ ················ ················ ···· ···················· ················ ······················ ······································

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